Mountain Biking is an Offensive Sport

A Key to Riding Your Best! By: BetterRide founder Gene Hamilton

A real key to mountain biking at your best is to always be on the offense. Defensive riding gets you hurt! When you are on the offense you are riding at the limit of your abilities which improves your focus, coordination and allows you to reach the “flow” state. On the other hand, when you are riding defensively (thoughts like, “oh, don’t crash here”, “wow, this looks slick, don’t slide out”, “whoa, this is scary and steep, just don’t crash”, etc.) you are much less coordinated and actually focused on what you don’t want to do, crash!

One way to always be on the offense is simply focus on what you DO want to do. Thoughts like, “get to the bottom of this fun rocky section as smooth as I can”, “rail this corner as fast as I can”, “stay balanced and in a neutral position on this loose decent”, “climb this loose rocky hill like a billy goat, in balance and looking past all the obstacles”. These type of thoughts lead to confidence and riding at your best.

What do you do when you can’t focus on what you want to do? The trail is too steep, too exposed, too loose or just plain too scary for your current skill set. Get off your bike and walk! Then figure out what scared you and take baby steps to improve your skill and/or confidence. 50 feet of exposure on a narrow trail scares you, walk it and then find a trail with six feet of exposure and get comfortable on it. Then work your way up to 50 feet of exposure using small steps. Taking a giant leap over your comfort zone never turns out well. If you make it you just feel lucky, no increase in confidence and if you crash your confidence will decrease.

Challenge leads to the “flow” or “zone” state. That state of being when you are in the moment and everything seems to happen with ease. Reaching the state of “flow” is a big reason we ride but it is often hard to attain. In his book “Flow” Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi explains that one thing that must be present to reach the flow state is challenge. He explains that it must be a strong, but reachable challenge. Not enough of a challenge and your mind wanders, too much of a challenge and you get scared. Pick challenges within, but at the top of your skill set. The challenge can be to simply ride certain trails, be faster than before, smoother, use less brakes, etc. I have found that most of my crashes and mistakes have happened on an easy section of trail right after a hard section. I simply relaxed and lost focus when the trail got easy and suddenly was on the ground. Has this ever happened to you?

Here are a couple of examples from my own riding experiences:


Beginning of steep section on Horse Thief Bench (photo from

During the Fruita Fat Tire Festival I led a group of riders on Horse Thief Bench trail. The entrance to the bench is steep, rocky and has a couple of big ledges, most people hike their bikes down. At the bottom of the entrance shoot the trail is flat and easy for a few hundred feet. The group I was leading wanted to see me ride it so off I went down the entrance shoot. Having lived in Fruita for four years I knew this section well and floated down it. As I got to the bottom I saw about 20 riders cheering on my effort! On the flat and easy section, feeling proud of myself and patting myself on my back for such good riding I hit a rock and flipped over right in front of those 20 riders and my group behind me. Now they were in disbelief, looking at the rocky trail I had just rode and looking back at the beginner trail I had just endoed on. I think I said something like, “I am a professional, don’t try this at home”. The funny thing is similar wrecks and near wrecks have happened too many times as I have gone from offensive to not focused or defensive.

Endo on Horse Thief Bench, this was beyond his skill set. photo courtesy of Time Piece Films

Wow, those photos are great testimonials to the importance of dropper posts! Had Rob, above lowered his seat he might have pulled that off!

Years before my crash I was heading to a race in Brian Head Utah and I stopped in Moab to pick up my friend TJ to come race with me. I was feeling really confident after practice and knew if I rode my best I should win (which would make this the second win of my pro career). Well, my run was amazing and I remember thinking to myself, “that run was amazing, no one could beat that, just make it through these last to corners and you have won”. Well, TJ beat me by a tenth of a second, for his first pro win. Now, to get that point (two corners before the finish line) was I thinking “just make it through these corners” or was I thinking “smash these corners, crush this track, attack!”? Yes, I was thinking attack all the way down the course, until the last two corners. Did I make it through those corners? Yes, but I slowly made my way through those corners. Had I attacked those corners like the rest of the course I would have won for sure, but by backing off I cost myself the race. I have seen great racers loose focus and crash in the last corner so many times, they simply switched their focus from attack to, just make it without crashing and down they went.


When Greg Minnaar demonstrates cornering in our camps he attacks them!

Always focus on what you want to do and always ride on the offense! As a matter of fact, stop riding your mountain bike and start driving your mountain bike. The word “ride” is passive, we ride roller coasters and amusement park rides, the ride is in control. The word “drive” is active, we drive cars, trucks and go-karts, we are in control. Drive your bike with authority.

12 replies
  1. Ricardo Quintanilla G.
    Ricardo Quintanilla G. says:

    Really enjoyable to read this article.

    I completely agree with it, specially with that sentence “I have found that most of my crashes and mistakes have happened on an easy section of trail right after a hard section.”

    It has happened to me also.
    It is because one simply relax and lost focus.

    Thank for the article.

  2. John Palmer
    John Palmer says:

    Yup! Same thing for me on the San Diego area Noble Canyon trail. Thoroughly enjoyed all the ruogh stuff and then lost focus on a flat smoot section and tumbled. Pads helped but were a poor substitue for concentrating.

  3. Jim
    Jim says:

    Man, Horse Thief Bench is no joke! That photo up there is just the beginning of it. I think I made it down to about where that guy is and walked the rest of the way. Good points in the article. Definitely some things to think about when I start riding again this spring.

  4. ed jack
    ed jack says:

    great read! For me defense was stuff like”watch out for that tree!” which will make you hit it. But camp put me on offense to look where I want to go. Also before betterride I watched alot of crashes.Now I seek out top riders to watch Like 14 year old downhiller liam stephens, instead of carnage.I ride better watching good riders instead of figuring out why riders crashed.

    • Gene
      Gene says:

      Glad you liked it Ed. Great example of the defensive mentality. Glad our camp put you on the offense, that is really our goal, teach riders the skills to go on the offense! I have never really thought of mission in those words put it pretty much sums it up.

      Create a fun ride on the offense,


  5. Angela Moore
    Angela Moore says:

    So true, so true!! I was in Durango just finished a steep somewhat rocky climb on .CO trail. Got to the top on smooth section, decided to ride thru a mud puddle not paying enough attention handle bars shifted got thrown into a pile of logs tore my ACL. Have learned a big lesson!!

  6. Angela Moore
    Angela Moore says:

    Also I tend to start a ride thinking I wonder if I’m gonna crash. That already sets me up for the negative and more likely to crash!!

  7. Opa
    Opa says:

    Rob’s endo (in the above picture) wasn’t his fault, it was yours for not having him drop his seat post down! That seat is taller than a sky scraper! Oops haha

  8. Opa
    Opa says:

    Sorry I wrote that post IMMEDIATELY after seeing the picture, not realizing that your very next paragraph addressed this very issue. I too learned the hard way… except mine wasn’t an endo, I almost got flung over sideways in a sharp turn off the side of a cliff that must of been 50-60 feet high! It was one of the first turns on the downhill after finishing the long uphill climb and nobody told me about dropping the seat. (So learn from this beginners: during uphill raise your seat so that your knee ALMOST locks, and on downhill drop your seat ALL the way down!)


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